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Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Systematic Investment Planning allows you as an investor to invest a fixed amount regularly in mutual fund schemes which are mostly related to equity mutual funds.
Now what it does to you is it helps you in different ways which we will soon discuss and compare with the benefits associated with the bank recurring deposits.

Why SIP in Debt Funds Is Better Than Starting Recurring Deposits…..??
Let us start with basics. This article will mostly revolve around three things i.e, SIP, Debt Mutual Funds, and Bank Recurring Deposits.
And this why it is imperative for us to get an understanding of them.

When it comes to systematic investment planning in mutual funds of any kind many of us have a basic idea about its way of operation, advantages, and disadvantages associated with it. But still, some get confused as to what exactly it is and how it works.

SIP in Debt Funds Over Bank Recurring Deposits
#1: Returns
SIP in debt funds can provide an investor with a return of around 7-8% on an average.
Whereas a bank recurring deposit would provide a return of 4-5% to the investor. Considering that the risk factor of both the type of investment is similar, a higher return provided by debt funds is more preferable than the investment in bank recurring deposits.

#2: Customization
Although most SIPs require investing a fixed amount every month, the additional feature that comes with SIP’s is that one can customize it according to their requirements.
You can easily start SIP for additional amounts or cancel an existing SIP and start a new SIP with a newer amount.
This is not possible in case of recurring deposits where only a fixed amount is invested every month and the interest is paid along with the principal at maturity. Also if any of the installment is delayed, there will be a reduction in the interest payable in the account and that will not be enough or sufficient to reach the maturity value.
Therefore, there will be a penalty and the difference in interest from the maturity value will be deducted. The rate of penalty is fixed. So if you are looking for customization, SIP in debt funds are a better option than bank recurring deposits.

#3: Rupee Cost Averaging
Another feature of the SIPs is that they help the investors to average their purchase cost and maximize returns accordingly.
When the investors invest regularly over a period of time irrespective of the conditions the market is in, what happens is they get more units when the market conditions are not good and less units when the market is booming.
In the process what happens is that the purchase cost of your mutual fund units is averaged out.

#4: Liquidity
SIP in debt funds will provide you with the option of more liquidity as compared to bank recurring deposits.
As discussed earlier recurring deposit is liquid but premature withdrawal would incur a penalty with a fixed rate.
Money can be withdrawn from SIP in debt funds without incurring a penalty on it and the SIP can be closed.
In terms of liquidity, a SIP in debt funds is a better option when compared to RD.

#5: Lower Taxes
Up to 3 years, the taxation on debt funds and RD is similar. However, after 3 years from investment, the tax on debt funds is significantly lower than the tax on RD.
After 3 years from investment, the tax on debt funds is 10% without indexation plus 3% cess.
At the same time, RD keep attracting the same rate as before 3 years from investment – which depends on your income tax bracket.

#6: Section 80C Deduction
Another important feature of investing in SIP in debt funds are that capital gains from the investment can be exempted from tax if the debt fund in which the money is invested in is an ELSS (Equity Linked Saving Scheme) fund.
Although there is a lock in period of 3 years in this case.
Whereas recurring deposit amount or the interest earned from it are not exempted from tax. This is another advantage of investing in SIP in debt funds over bank recurring deposit.

#7: Compounding
Another benefit of SIP in debt funds is also known as the eighth wonder of the world that is the power of compounding.
Investing over a long period in a SIP can make the investor earn returns on the returns earned by the investment and before they realize the invested money starts compounding.
This enables the investors to build a large corpus that will be sufficient to achieve their long-term financial goals with small but regular investments.
Although interest is also compounded on the quarterly basis in the recurring deposit, it cannot be matched with SIP in debt funds simply because the returns offered by debt funds are much higher – so over time, the difference in returns is greater too.

Conclusion
Having seen all the advantages that investment in SIP has over bank recurring deposits it becomes clear on what to choose when you are confused on what to invest in do make sure to do a thorough analysis before investing in any scheme. Happy investing!
Disclaimer: the views expressed here are of the author and do not reflect those of anybody from any segment and industry.

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